Prague (Praha) is the ancient capital of Charles IV's Bohemian
Kingdom, and the city has played a pivotal role in the development
of central Europe since the Middle Ages. Its epic history has made
Prague one of the most beautiful cities in the world, with tourism
of vital economic importance.
Prague is not overrun by tourism, but its influence is evident
for all to see. Much of the post-communism reconstruction and
regeneration of Prague has been driven by tourism, as ancient
buildings have been transformed into fine restaurants and stylish
The historical centre is denoted by the postal districts Prague
1 and some of Prague 2.
Prague Castle is the premier Prague tourist attraction. Set on a
hill, it offers fine views over the entire city. There are also
excellent views from the following sights and attractions: Old Town
Hall Tower, Old Town Bridge Tower, Mala Strana Bridge Tower,
Klementinum, Jindrisska Tower, Petrin and Vysehrad.
Tourism in Prague has encouraged several top floor restaurants
to open, boasting stunning views over the city. Enjoy a spot of
lunch in the sunshine, or watch the city light up at night in the
abundance of restaurants with city views.
The dramatic history of Prague is reflected in the beauty of the
buildings. Once the seat of a mighty medieval empire, Prague is an
open air museum best explored on foot. Many Prague tours can help
with this and the river is a popular way to see the city, as many
of the attractions in Prague border the river.
Opera and classical concerts are another highlight of Prague,
with performances at stunning houses, concert halls and several old
churches around the city. Prague also has some unique theatre
Finally there is food and drink. Prague restaurants have a
reputation for offering good, often excellent cuisine in lovely
settings, from candlelit cellars to rooftop eateries with views
over the whole city. And of course, there is the world famous Czech
The Czech Republic covers an area of 78,864 square kilometres.
It borders Slovakia, Austria, Germany and Poland. The highest
mountain is Snezka (1604m). The longest river is the Vltava
The population is 10.3 million. Czech's belong to the West
Slavic group of peoples, along with the Poles, Slovaks and
Luatians. Romanies, or Gypsies, are the most conspicuous minority
in Prague and they are thought to descend from Indian migrants in
the 15th century.
The Prague tourism and construction boom attracts migrant
workers from central and east European states, plus former Soviet
block countries like the Ukraine.